2017 ACENS
Asian Conference on Engineering and Natural Sciences
January 19-21, 2017  Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan




Program
201701 Hokkaido Conference Program

Welcome Message from Kurt Ackermann
Dear Conference Delegates,


As Hokkaido's first people the Ainu would say, “Irankarapte!”

Please accept a warm welcome to cool Hokkaido from me, Kurt Ackermann, and Higher Education Forum (HEF), the organizers of the 2017 Sapporo conferences.

As the transportation and financial hub of Hokkaido, Sapporo attracts a wide variety of visitors, coming for tourism or business. It has a well-established transportation infrastructure adapted to its unique winter situation, as well as a history of hosting large winter sports events, in particular the 1972 Winter Olympics. In fact, Sapporo will host the 8th Asian Winter Games soon after these conferences, from the 19th to the 26th of February 2017. This event is a prelude to the 23rd Olympic Winter Games, to be held in February 2018 in Pyeongchang in neighbouring South Korea.

Sapporo's winters, while often feeling cold to those from warmer climes, are actually quite mild by the standards of many cities that receive large amounts of snow.

The combination of plentiful snow, modern infrastructure, and (relatively!) mild temperatures makes the city and its environs a true winter playground. For visitors wishing to try their hand at some of these, there are free or reasonably-priced opportunities to try cross-country skiing (Nakajima Park), snowshoeing (Sapporo Art Park) and ice-skating. More ambitious visitors may even wish to try downhill skiing or snowboarding. In Sapporo, the possibilities for winter sports are almost limitless.

Although the image of northern winters is blustery and cold snowy days, there are actually many days when the crisp cold air is crowned with a brilliant clear blue sky and if you are at the observation deck of Sapporo's Mt. Moiwa you may experience beautiful vistas of the snow-blanketed city and its suburbs, with snow-covered mountains just to the south and also further to the north beyond the steel blue waters of Ishikari Bay. Just don't forget your gloves and hat!

As Hokkaido is famous throughout Japan for the quality of its seafood and wide variety of food in general, you can restore the energy you use on a chilly winter day with a hearty Hokkaido meal.

The core of Sapporo's transportation system is the subway, developed to coincide with its hosting of the 1972 Winter Olympics and which facilitates the movement of people during the snowy winters. Nevertheless, the recently extended streetcar line also continues to be an important component of the city's transit network. If you are lucky you may see the 'sasara densha' - a specially modified streetcar that sweeps the tram rails of new snow with its rotating bamboo brushes, starting at 4 a.m. every winter morning and then whenever it starts to snow.

Sapporo is a city developed with the input of people from all across Japan, who gathered in Hokkaido for various reasons. One of the things I like so much about Higher Education Forum organized conferences is the diversity, both of the fields represented in the presentations and of the participants themselves. It can be very refreshing to attend a presentation from another field to allow us to reconsider our perspectives and have the opportunity to be exposed to different ideas and ways of thinking. I strongly recommend all participants to attend at least one seemingly unrelated presentation, you might be surprised at what you learn and the new contacts that you make.

Enjoy this opportunity to both share your research and experience Hokkaido.

Keynote Speech

Topic: Lesson Learn From Geotechnical Engineering Failure

IMG_6431 Prof. Ir. Dr. Hj. Ramli Nazir
Professor of Geotechnical Engineering
Deputy Director,
Tropical GeoEngineering Centre,
Faculty of Civil Engineering
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Speaker Introduction
Professor Ir. DR. Hj.Ramli bin Hj. Nazir is a Professor in Geotechnical Engineering at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia since 1989. He currently hold a position as a Deputy Director at Centre of Tropical Geoengineering. He holds a B. Civil Eng. from UTM and PhD from the University of Liverpool specialized in Geotechnical Engineering. He has more than 25 years' experience in the field of Geotechnical Engineering, especially Foundations, Ground Improvement and Geotechnical Forensics Engineering and have wrote more than 100 technical papers and Journals related to his field of expertise. In addition as a Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering, he is also a Professional Engineer who have numerous experience as a Design Engineer, Independent Design Checker and Geotechnical Advisor to various government and private agencies and also involved in many Civil Forensic works including Structural and Infrastructures in Malaysia. In addition to engineering education and consultation activities, he is a Member of the Technical Committee on Eurocode 7 Malaysian Annex which responsible for regulating the use of Eurocode 7 according to local needs, Member of Institution of Engineers Malaysia, Member of Malaysia Geotechnical Society and Member of Society of Engineering Education Malaysia. He also provide an expertise support for Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (SIRIM) and Public Work Department (JKR), in the design specification work for specialized work such as Soil Anchor and Load Testing. He is also an invited Geotechnical speaker for training and workshops to government and private technical agencies such as JKR, PETRONAS, SHELL, Malaysia Productivity Corporation, MARA and Institution of Engineers Malaysia.



Speech Abstract
The role of the engineer is to respond to a need by building or creating something along a certain set of guidelines or specifications which performs a given function. An engineer, as a professional, has a responsibility to their client or employer, to their profession, and to the general public, to perform their duties in as conscientious a manner as possible. Usually this entails far more than just acting within the bounds of law. An engineer should avoids conflicts of interest, does not attempt to misrepresent their knowledge so as to accept jobs outside their area of expertise, acts in the best interests of society and the environment, fulfills the terms of their contracts or agreements in a thorough and professional manner. Often, a deficiency in engineering ethics is found to be one of the root causes of an engineering failure. Hence, the engineer must struggle to design in such a way as to avoid failure, which could result in loss of property, damage to the environment of the user of that technology, and possibly injury or even loss of life. Geotechnical Engineering fields are related with daily life. Slopes, foundations, excavations, flood barrier, anchoring to name a few are geotechnical construction that needs high safety design for the comfort of the public. The main reason is to reduced fear, and perceived risk. The design and constructions has been improvised in lieu to the lesson learn from the previous failure. New developments in design are often the direct consequence of lessons learnt from previous failures, which are caused when the designers went too far beyond the state-of the art or the contractors did not implement the design intent in the construction. Design alone shall not be the main reason of failures. Other activities apart from design inadequacy that links towards geotechnical engineering failures are poor conceptual design, lack of communication between designer and builders, lack of engineering details, poor judgment, lack of maintenance after built, poor in construction and practices. The chain of activities as mentioned would normally contributes towards the event of failure. There is no question that the trial-and-error process of designing and constructing, over the centuries, resulted in the loss of properties and life. It is not that failure is desirable, or that anyone hopes for or aims for it. But failures, sometimes appalling, are inevitable, and given this fact, engineers say it pays to make good lesson learned to prevent any possible future mistakes.



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Important Dates

Submission Deadline

October 14, 2019

Notification of Acceptance
From November 05, 2019
Registration Deadline
December 05, 2019
Conference Date
February 05-07, 2020

Contact & Inquiry

ACENS Secretariat
Email: acens@acens-conf.org